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iTunes Store Music Style Guide

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Introduction

Overview

We love music—it's an emotional experience, and for many of us, an obsession. When someone hears the right music at just the right moment, it’s transformational, and that’s precisely why we do what we do.

Apple strives to present your content in a clean, pure, and accurate form. We know it takes effort to get it exactly right, but we hope you agree that the results are worth it, both for you and for your fans.

With that in mind, we created this reference guide to help you format your music, art, and metadata for the optimal listener experience and discovery.

Following these guidelines will make it less likely that we have to return content to you for correction, which means it will get on the iTunes Store and Apple Music—and available to your customers—more quickly. The most critical guidelines to consider when preparing your content for delivery are:

  • Artist and artist formatting

  • Localizations and phonetics

  • Asset quality

  • Clean or explicit classification

The following kinds of content may be rejected:

  • Misleading content

  • Sound-a-like artists or performers

  • Public domain content

  • Content with legal or rights issues

If a certain language isn’t covered in this guide, use the English guidelines and use either title or sentence casing, as long as your casing style remains consistent.

Content Definitions

Term

Definition

Content

A song, album, music video, or ringtone

Album

A collection of tracks

Track

A song or music video

Song

An audio recording

Music Video

A video for a song

Artist

The primary performer (for example, an individual musician, a duo, or a band)

Title

The name of a song, album, music video, or ringtone as it appears on the iTunes Store and Apple Music

Ringtone

A standalone audio recording to be used as a ringtone for iPhone

Native Field

The native language field for album or track metadata, such as a title or artist name

Data Standards and Style Guidelines

1. The Essentials

  • 1.1. Use of Apple Inc. Copyrighted Terms. Content that is not produced by Apple Inc. must not use Apple trademarks (such as the Apple logo, “Apple Inc.,” or “iTunes”) in the cover art or metadata in a manner that makes the content appear to be Apple-branded.

  • 1.2. Advertising. Content should not contain advertising. For example, metadata shouldn’t contain references to competitors of iTunes, nor to any URLs, logos, or dates for future product releases. Search terms and keywords should not be included in title metadata.

  • 1.3. Track Count Limit. Tracks on any album are not to exceed 500.

  • 1.4. Editorial Corrections. iTunes reserves the right to correct any errors in grammar, spelling, and punctuation.

Languages and Localizations

Here are some key considerations for languages and localization usage. Information about Chinese, Korean, Hebrew, and Arabic can be found in sections specific to these languages.

  • 1.5. Language. The appropriate language must be set in the metadata at the album level. Language codes should match the language of the metadata, not the audio.

  • 1.6. Audio Track Locale. The appropriate audio language must be set in the metadata at track level. Language code(s) should match the language spoken or sung in the audio. Non-linguistic content should be flagged ‘zxx'.

  • 1.7. Localizations. Provide Artist and Title metadata in the primary language you’ve chosen for your content. Provide accurate localizations for all languages you have available, unless you want the metadata to appear in the primary language in all territories.

  • 1.8. Side-by-Side Translations. Don’t use side-by-side translations in metadata. Use only one language in each entry or localization. An exception is Korean, where side-by-side translations are accepted for all metadata except artist names.

Editorial Hides

To ensure the best possible customer experience, iTunes may hide content from the store for editorial reasons. Unlike tickets, editorial hides can not be fixed by a redelivery or metadata update.

  • 1.9. Curated Artist. Content may be hidden using the reason Curated Artist when iTunes has curated an artist’s page, and there are sufficient instances of a song, or catalog available. If delivering public domain content, send only a version created from the original recording source. Do not send duplicate versions of the same content (such as the same album with a rearranged track list, or near-identical greatest hits albums).

    Compilations may be hidden if they contain tracks that duplicate Mastered for iTunes tracks elsewhere in the store. Compilations may also be removed from the store if we suspect the content is not properly licensed or if the content has no Editorial value, such as “100 Oldies.”

    Tracks featuring samples that are in the public domain should credit the remixing or sampling artist, not the original sampled artist.

  • 1.10. Repeated Submissions. Content may be hidden using the reason: Repeated Submissions if multiple copies of the same content and/or audio files are submitted with a slightly different title and/or artist.

  • 1.11. Misleading. Content may be hidden using the reason: Misleading if designed to mislead customers by mimicking popular content or search terms.

  • 1.12. Cultural Sensitivities. It is the content provider’s responsibility to be knowledgable about local regulations and cultural sensitivities. Content sold must be legal and appropriate for the countries the content is cleared. This content may be hidden using the reason: Refusal.

  • 1.13. Nazi Propaganda. Content must not depict Nazi symbolism as restricted by the Strafgesetzbuch section 86a if the content is cleared for sale in Germany (DE), Austria (AT), Switzerland (CH), or any other country that restricts Nazi propaganda.

    If content violating this rule is submitted three times, your entire catalogue will be suspended in DE, AT, CH, and any other applicable country for up to six months. Content will be hidden using the reason: Refusal

  • 1.14. iTunes Store and Apple Music Terms and Conditions. All music submitted to iTunes is bound by the iTunes Store and Apple Music Terms and Conditions. The iTunes Service may offer interactive features that allow you to submit materials (including links to third-party content) on areas of the iTunes Service accessible and viewable by the public. You agree that any use by you of such features, including any materials submitted by you, shall be your sole responsibility, and shall not infringe upon or violate the rights of any other party. You also agree that these materials will not violate any laws, contribute to or encourage infringing or otherwise unlawful conduct, or otherwise be obscene, objectionable, or in poor taste.

2. Artist Names

  • 2.1. Primary Artist Designation. The main performing artist must be listed as Primary on all content.

  • 2.2. Formatting. Full, standard artist name spellings must be used for all main performing artists. The spelling of an artist’s name must be correct and remain consistent across all content for that artist. Western artists names must not be formatted as “Last name, First name” (for example, “Smith, Fred”).

  • 2.3. Composers. Nonclassical composers must only be listed at the track level. For exceptions, see section 4. Soundtracks, Scores, and Albums in a Series.

  • 2.4. Additional Information. The artist name must not include any additional information, such as role, date, instrument, former band, website, and so on.

    Correct

    Incorrect

    Reason

    Joe Satriani

    Joe Satriani (Guitarist)

    Includes artist’s instrument

    Slash

    Slash (Of Guns N’ Roses)

    Includes band name

    Johann Sebastian Bach

    Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750)

    Includes birth and death dates

    Joey Boy

    Joey Boy โจอี้ บอย

    Includes translation

  • 2.5. Use of “Various Artists.” If there are four or more primary artists on an album, the primary album-level artist should be "Various Artists". Do not use "Various Artists" if an album has only one to three primary artists. On one-track products, the primary album-level artist should not be "Various Artists", but should be the same as the primary artist(s) on the track level.

  • 2.6. “Various Artists” at Track Level. Various Artists must not be a track-level artist, unless it is a continuous mix track performed by various artists.

  • 2.7. Incorrect Presentation of “Various Artists.” Variations or abbreviations of “Various Artists” (for example, “V/A,” “V.A.,” “Various,” “Various Artist,” or “Varios”) must not be used as an artist name for English-language content.

    Translated versions of “Various Artists” are acceptable as long as they are consistent with the content’s language.

    Language

    Translation

    Arabic

    فنانون متنوعون

    Chinese (Simplified)

    群星

    Chinese (Traditional)

    群星

    Dutch

    Verschillende artiesten

    French

    Multi-interprètes

    German

    Verschiedene Interpreten

    Greek

    Διάφοροι καλλιτέχνες

    Hebrew

    אמנים שונים

    Italian

    Artisti Vari

    Korean

    여러 아티스트

    Portuguese

    Vários intérpretes

    Russian

    Разные исполнители

    Spanish

    Varios Artistas

    Swedish

    Blandade Artister

    Thai

    รวมศิลปิน

    Turkish

    Çeşitli Sanatçılar

  • 2.8. Compound Artist. Each artist field must only contain one artist name. Watch the training video on iTunes Connect.

    Providing two or more performers or groups in the same artist name field creates a compound artist error. If there is more than one performing artist, each artist must be listed individually and identified as Primary.

    Track Title

    Correct Artist Name

    Incorrect Artist Name

    Ebony & Ivory

    Paul McCartney (Primary)

    Stevie Wonder (Primary)

    Paul McCartney & Stevie Wonder (Primary)

    Bang Bang

    Jessie J (Primary)

    Ariana Grande (Primary)

    Nicki Minaj (Primary)

    Jessie J &

    Ariana Grande & Nicki Minaj (Primary)

    Artists who are generally listed together as a band are not considered compound artists and must be listed together. For example:

    • Simon & Garfunkel

    • Anderson Bruford Wakeman Howe

    • Brooks & Dunn

    • Katrina & The Waves

    • Dizzy Gillespie & His Fab Five

    • Hootie & The Blowfish

  • 2.9. Individual Band Members and Accompanying Bands. Do not list both the main artist and the artist’s accompanying band or the individual members of the group.

    Correct

    Incorrect

    Dave Holland Big Band (Primary)

    Dave Holland Big Band (Primary)

    Dave Holland (Primary)

    Kiss (Primary)

    Gene Simmons (Primary)

    Paul Stanley (Primary)

    Ace Frehley (Primary)

    Peter Criss (Primary)

  • 2.10. Generic Artist Names. Generic artists, such as Yoga, Workout, Meditation, Baby, Christmas, Top Hits, Chorus, Orchestra, or Singer are not accepted in any genre. Cast names must be specific to a given show or production. When you don’t have a specific artist name or are working with studio musicians, list the production house, label name, or studio as the artist name.

    Correct

    Incorrect

    Original Broadway Cast of Cats

    Cast of Cats

    “Cabaret” 1986 London Cast

    Cabaret - Cast

    Bombay Music

    Ultimate Chart Hits

3. Titles

  • 3.1. Accuracy. Titles must be accurate and formatted correctly.

  • 3.2. Additional Information. Titles must not include additional information unless it is needed to identify the content.

    Correct

    Incorrect

    Reason

    New York Eye & Ear Control

    New York Eye & Ear Control (1964)

    Includes release date

    Dawns Welcome to the Club (feat. Ricky J)

    Dawns Welcome to the Club - Album (feat. Ricky J)

    Includes “Album”

    I'll Be Walking Alone in a Crowd

    12. I'll Be Walking Alone in a Crowd

    Includes track number

    Campus Girl - Single

    Campus Girl (Produced By T.J. Douglas) - Single

    Includes additional information at the album level

    Shadow

    Shadow - Rock Top 40 Indie Pop

    Includes search terms

    Draw the Line

    Aerosmith - Draw the Line

    Includes artist information

  • 3.3. Singles. An album must be identified as a single if it contains one to three songs that are less than 10 minutes each. Videos are not counted as songs.

    If provided, “- Single” must appear at the end of the title. If your album meets the criteria for a single but “- Single” is not included in the title, we will add it automatically.

  • 3.4. One-Track Products. One-track products must have matching album and track titles, including any parentheses or brackets. The only exception is the addition of “- Single” in the album title. Additionally, all artist information for one-track products must be consistent across the album and track levels.

    Album Title

    Busy Earnin’ - Single

    Track Title

    Busy Earnin’

  • 3.5. EPs. An album must be identified as an EP if it has:

    • One to three songs with one song at least 10 minutes long and a total running time of 30 minutes or less

    • Four to six songs with a total running time of 30 minutes or less

    Videos aren’t counted as songs.

    “- EP” must appear at the end of the title. Note that if “- EP” is not included in the title, we will add it automatically.

  • 3.6. Audio Must Match. Audio files must match the track titles. If you deliver an identical copy of a song on more than one album, the song must have consistent metadata on both albums. iTunes will not accept placeholder audio.

  • 3.7. Generic Titles. Do not use generic titles, such as Track 1, Track 2, or Instrumental, unless they are the actual titles of the tracks or ringtones.

  • 3.8. Multiple Albums and Tracks. Multiple album or track titles in the title field must be separated by a slash. Note that you must place a space before and after the slash.

    Album Title

    The Sunset Sleeps / Hometown Gypsy - Single

    Album Title

    Blonde on Blonde / Blood on the Tracks / Time out of Mind

  • 3.9. Silent, Hidden, and Ghost Tracks. Silent, hidden, and ghost tracks must be clearly labeled in the track title.

    Version

    Example

    Silent Track

    Outro (Silent Track)

    Hidden Track

    A Rockin' Good Way (feat. Maceo Parker) [Hidden Track]

    Ghost Track

    Open My Eyes (Ghost Track)

  • 3.10. Track Version Information. All track titles performed by the same artist on an album must be unique, except for different versions of the same track that are differentiated by Parental Advisory tags. To differentiate multiple versions of the same track title, use terms in parenthesis or brackets such as:

    • Live

    • Radio Edit

    • Instrumental

    • Japanese Orgel

    • Extended Version

    • Single Version

    • Cover Version

  • 3.11. Use of “Exclusive” or “Limited Edition.” Titles must not contain terms like “Exclusive” or “Limited Edition,” because the titles are a permanent part of the content. The “Exclusive” or “Limited Edition” claim may only apply for a limited time.

  • 3.12. References to Physical or Digital Content or Content Not Included. Titles must not include explanatory terms that refer to the digital or physical format of the content. For example, titles must not include:

    • E-Release

    • Digital Only

    • Digital Download

    • Digital Single

    • E-Album

    • 2 CD set

    • With Lyrics

  • 3.13. Unnecessary Version Information. The standard, original version of an album or track must not include any additional information in the track title. For example, titles must not include:

    • Album Version

    • Original Version

    • Previously Unreleased

    • Reissue

    • Original Mix

    Do not submit any title version information that is already addressed with iTunes badges. iTunes displays a badge or blurb for the following, so titles must not include:

    • iTunes LP Version

    • Clean Version

    • Explicit Version

    • Mastered for iTunes

  • 3.14. References to Video Format. Music video titles must not include explanatory terms that refer to the video format or specifications. For example, titles must not include:

    • CC

    • Closed-Captioned

    • PAL

    • NTSC

    • 16 x 4

    • Video, Clip, Video Clip, or Official Music Video

    • Music Video

    • EPK

  • 3.15. Album Version Information. If an album has been rereleased or if multiple versions of one album exist, use the album title version to indicate how the version differs from the original recording.

    Title Version

    25th Anniversary Edition

    Bonus Version

    Rerecorded Version

    1969 Version

    Deluxe Version

  • 3.16. Live Content. If the audio is from a live recording, the title version must be indicated as “Live.” Territory specific versions (”Ao Vivo” in Portuguese, and “En Vivo” or “En Directo” in Spanish) should be used. Do not use “Live” for Standup / Comedy albums.

    Live Albums, Alternate Takes, Rare Recordings, Early Recordings, Radio Broadcasts, Interviews, and other albums commonly referred to as “Bootlegs” may be hidden based on editorial discretion.

    If the version includes time and venue, it should be formatted as Live at Place, Year/Date. For example:

    • One More Saturday Night (Live at Palladium, New York, 1977)

    • One More Saturday Night (Live at Red Rocks Ampitheatre, Morrison, CO, 7/8/1978)

  • 3.17. Bonus, Deluxe, or Extended Versions. If an album offers more content than the standard version of the album (for example, extra tracks or a bonus video), indicate the difference in the title.

    If an audio-only version of a CD+DVD is delivered to iTunes, the album title must include the term “Audio Version.”

    Version

    Example

    Bonus Track Version

    Sadecessary (Bonus Track Version)

    Deluxe Edition

    The Endless River (Deluxe Edition)

    Extended Version

    Tear the Roof Up (Extended Version)

    Bonus Video Version

    Mi Quimera (Bonus Video Version)

    Bonus Digital Booklet Version

    Fallen Leaves & Dead Sparrows (Bonus Digital Booklet Version)

    Audio Version

    Celebrate - Live At the SSE Hydro Glasgow (Audio Version)

  • 3.18. Performance, Backing, and Split Tracks. If a track is a performance track, backing track, or split track, that information must be included in the title.

    Version

    Example

    Performance Track With Background Vocals

    Sometimes I Cry (Performance Track with Background Vocals)

    Backing Track

    What Is Life (Backing Track)

    Split Track

    Your Everlasting Love (Split Track)

  • 3.19. Rerecorded Versions. If a track is rerecorded, the track title must include “Rerecorded.” A rerecorded track may be hidden for editorial reasons if the original “hit” version is live in the iTunes Store or Apple Music.

    Album Title

    In the Still of the Night (Rerecorded Version)

    Track Title

    In the Still of the Night (Rerecorded)

    Album Title

    The Legend of the Drifters (Rerecorded Version)

    Track Title

    Stand by Me (Rerecorded)

  • 3.20. Remastered Versions. If a track is remastered in a way that is significant or meaningfully differentiates it from other non-remastered versions available, the track title version can include “Remastered.”

  • 3.21. Multiple Version References. Content that requires multiple explanatory references in the title (for example, live EPs, soundtracks, live albums, and so on), must have the first explanatory reference enclosed in parentheses (”( )”) with any additional references enclosed in brackets (”[ ]”). Note that by delivering content using the title version field, parentheses and brackets will be applied by Apple automatically.

    Track Title

    All of Me (Tiësto’s Birthday Treatment Remix) [Radio Edit]

    Track Title

    Numb (feat B. o. B. & Yo Gotti) [Bonus Track]

    Track Title

    (Love Is Like A) Heat Wave (In the Style of Martha Reeves)

  • 3.22. Album Subtitle Formatting. Titles and subtitles should be separated by a colon. Don’t use a hyphen or dash unless that’s the format used on the album cover.

    Album Title

    A Total Embrace: The Composer

    Album Title

    On the Air: Her Greatest TV Performances

    Album Title

    Round Midnight: The Complete Blue Note Singles (1947-1952)

  • 3.23. Booklet Title. Digital Booklet title should follow the format:

    Digital Booklet - Album title

4. Soundtracks, Scores, and Albums in a Series

  • 4.1. Album Version Information. Soundtracks and scores must include version information in the album title, enclosed in parentheses or brackets.

    Version

    Example

    Original Motion Picture Soundtrack

    Interstellar (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack)

    Original Score

    Guardians of the Galaxy (Original Score)

    Music Inspired By the Film

    Dazed & Confused (Music Inspired by the Film)

    Original Off-Broadway Cast

    The Threepenny Opera (Original Off-Broadway Cast)

    Original Game Soundtrack

    Dragon Age Inquisition (Original Game Soundtrack)

    Music from the Original TV Series

    Cosmos: A SpaceTime Odyssey (Music from the Original TV Series), Vol. 1

  • 4.2. O.S.T. Abbreviation. The abbreviation for Original Soundtrack (O.S.T.) should not be used as an album or song title version for scores, movies, TV, musicals, or video games.

  • 4.3. Composers. Scores for movies, TV, and musicals must list the composer on both the album and track levels.

  • 4.4. Composers with Primary Role. For Soundtracks with one composer, the artists should be credited with both the Composer and Primary role at the album level. Composers can be credited with the Primary role at track level for any appropriate track.

    Album Title

    Sunday in the Park with George (Original Cast Recording)

    Album Artists

    Stephen Sondheim (Primary)

    Stephen Sondheim (Composer)

    Track Titles

    Sunday in the Park with George

    Color and Light

    Finishing the Hat

    We Do Not Belong Together

    Track Artists

    Mandy Patinkin (Primary), Bernadette Peters (Primary), Stephen Sondheim (Composer)

    Album Title

    Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack)

    Album Artists

    John Williams (Primary)

    John Williams (Composer)

    Track Titles

    20th Century Fox Fanfare

    Medley: Main Title / Rebel Blockade Runner

    Imperial Attack

    Medley: The Dune Sea of Tatooine / Jawa Sandcrawler

    Track Artists (All Tracks)

    John Williams (Primary)

    John Williams (Composer)

  • 4.5. Track Version Information. If the tracks are not from the same soundtrack, the track title must indicate the soundtrack. To indicate the correct soundtrack, the track title must include (From “Soundtrack Name”). For example:

    • Make 'Em Laugh (From “Singin' in the Rain”)

    • Fast Streets of Shanghai (From “Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom”)

  • 4.6. Formatting. Album title formatting in a series must be consistent.

  • 4.7. Soundtrack Genre. For soundtracks, or ringtones from a soundtrack, use Soundtrack as the primary genre.

5. Crediting Featuring Artists

  • 5.1. Crediting Artists with Featuring or With Roles. A featured artist should be given the Featuring or With role. Artists with the Featuring or With roles should not be marked Primary.

  • 5.2. Credit at Track Level. Featured artists who are given the Featuring or With role must be listed and identified at the track level. If the featured artist is the same on every track, the featured artist name should also be listed and identified at the album level.

    Note that if the Featuring or With artist role is used in the initial delivery, the featured artist name will automatically be added by iTunes to the album or track title.

  • 5.3. Formatting of “with” and “feat.” Formatting of "feat." and "with" in titles must be lower case, in English, not localized, and in parentheses or brackets, where appropriate. Do not use any other spelling (for example, “featuring,” “Featuring,” “Feat,” “w/,” and so on).

    Track Title (feat. Artist)

    Dearly Departed (feat. Esmé Patterson)

    Track Title (with Artist)

    That Old Black Magic (with The Dave Brubeck Trio)

    Track Title

    Body Language (feat. Usher & Tinashe)

    Track Title

    (feat. Artist 1, Artist 2 & Artist 3)

    We Dem Boyz (feat. Rick Ross, ScHoolboy Q & Nas)

  • 5.4. Featuring Role for Jazz Albums - Album Level. The Featuring role for jazz albums featuring six or fewer musicians, with consistent personnel across all tracks, should be used at the album level to credit members of the group. The role should not be used in this way at the track level. The ensemble name must be marked as Primary at both the album and track levels.

    Album Title

    Critical Mass (feat. Chris Potter, Nate Smith, Steve Nelson & Robin Eubanks)

    Album Artists

    Dave Holland Quintet (Primary)

    Chris Potter (Featuring) (Not Primary)

    Nate Smith (Featuring) (Not Primary)

    Steve Nelson (Featuring) (Not Primary)

    Robin Eubanks (Featuring) (Not Primary)

    Track Title

    The Eyes Have It

    Track Artist

    Dave Holland Quintet (Primary)

  • 5.5. Featuring Role for Jazz Albums - Track Level. The Featuring role for large ensembles with seven or more members should be used at the track level to call out soloists on individual songs. The ensemble name must be marked as Primary at both the album and track levels.

    Album Title

    Overtime

    Album Artist

    Dave Holland Big Band (Primary)

    Track Title

    Bring It On (The Monterey Suite, Pt. 1) [feat. Chris Potter & Kevin Eubanks]

    Track Artists

    Dave Holland Big Band (Primary)

    Christ Potter (Featuring)

    Kevin Eubanks (Featuring)

    Track Title

    Free for All (The Monterey Suite, Pt. 2) [feat. Taylor Haskins, Steve Nelson, Billy Kilson & Chris Potter]

    Track Artists

    Dave Holland Big Band (Primary)

    Taylor Haskins (Featuring)

    Steve Nelson (Featuring)

    Billy Kilson (Featuring)

    Chris Potter (Featuring)

6. Titles with “vs.” and “Meets”

  • 6.1. Use of “Meets” or “vs.” For artists using “Meets” or “vs.,” all artists involved must be listed at the track level and identified as Primary. The terms “Meets” and “vs.” must only appear in the album or track title.

    Track Title

    In My Dreams (Adrima Meets Vinylshakerz) [Adrima EDM Edit]

    Track Artists

    Adrima (Primary)

    Vinylshakerz (Primary)

    Track Title

    Brute (Ferry Corsten vs. Armin van Buuren)

    Track Artists

    Ferry Corsten (Primary)

    Armin van Buuren (Primary)

  • 6.2. Primary Artist Designation. When “Meets” or “vs.” is used to describe an album on which two artists perform separate songs, both artists must be listed at the album level and identified as Primary. At the track level, each song must be listed with the primary artist who performs it.

  • 6.3. Remixes. When “Meets” or “vs.” is used to describe an album that is a collection of different songs remixed by a single DJ, the mixing DJ must be listed at the album level and identified as Primary with the Remixer role. The original artists (whose songs are being remixed) must be listed at the track level and identified as Primary. The original artists must not be listed at the album level.

7. Presenting Artists

  • 7.1. Nonperforming Presenting Artists. A nonperforming, presenting artist must only be named in the title and not credited as an album or track artist.

    Album Title

    Lavapalooza (Richard Cheese Presents Johnny Aloha)

    Album Artist

    Johnny Aloha (Primary)

    If the presenting relationship does not apply to every track, the nonperforming presenting artist should be named only in the track titles.

    Track Title

    Cold Summer (Young Jeezy Presents U.S.D.A.)

    Track Artist

    U.S.D.A. (Primary)

  • 7.2. Performing Presenting Artists. A performing presenting artist must be credited at the track level and identified as Primary.

    Track Title

    Serious Love (Mind Fair Presents 21st Century Fox) [The Rhythm Odyssey Mix]

    Track Artists

    Mind Fair (Primary)

    21st Century Fox (Primary)

    Track Title

    Electrify (Fabio XB Rework Edit) [Lange & Fabio XB Present Yves De Lacroix]

    Track Artists

    Yves De Lacroix (Primary)

    Lange (Primary)

    Fabio XB (Primary)

8. Duplicate Content

  • 8.1. Duplicate Albums. If two albums or ringtones are true duplicates, one of them must be removed from the iTunes Store and Apple Music. To see how to differentiate between similar albums, see section 3. Titles.

9. Karaoke, Tribute, Japanese Orgel, Parody, and Cover Albums

  • 9.1. Original Artist Name in Artist Field. For karaoke, tribute, Japanese orgel, parody, cover albums, and ringtones, the name of the original artist must not be displayed in any artist field on the track level or the album level. For example:

    • The Billy Joel Tribute Band is not an acceptable artist name.

    • Karaoke must not be used as the artist name unless it is part of the legal entity name, such as The Karaoke Kangaroos or All Star Karaoke.

  • 9.2. Original Artist Name in Track or Ringtone Titles. Track or ringtone titles for cover, orgel, parody songs, or tributes must not make reference to the original artist. Do not use phrases such as “Originally Performed By,” “In the Style of,” “Tribute to,” or “Cover of.”

    Karaoke track titles can make reference to the original artist. You must use clarifying language to ensure that consumers will not think those artists are performing. You should use phrases such as “Originally Performed By... (original artist name).”

  • 9.3. Original Artist Name in Album Titles. The album title must not begin with the original artist name. For example, “Kelly Clarkson: The Bluegrass Tribute” is not an acceptable album title. Instead, format the title as “The Bluegrass Tribute to Kelly Clarkson.” For example, these album titles are acceptable:

    Album Title

    A Tribute to Bob Seger

    Album Artists

    Bob Hollis (Primary)

    South by South (Primary)

    Album Title

    Here Comes the Sun: A Reggae Tribute to The Beatles

    Album Artists

    Steel Pulse (Primary)

    The Burning Souls (Primary)

  • 9.4. Karaoke Version Information. Titles of karaoke albums and tracks must indicate that they are an instrumental or karaoke version.

    Version

    Example

    Karaoke Version

    Grenade (Karaoke Version)

    Instrumental Version

    Don’t Stop Believin’ (Instrumental Version)

    Version karaoké

    Marguerite (Version karaoké)

  • 9.5. Deceptive or Misleading. Titles and artist names must not be deceptive or misleading. Do not use genres, popular song lyrics, or the original artist names as the album title, track title, or artist for karaoke. Content that is considered deceptive or misleading will be removed from the iTunes Store and Apple Music. For example, the following is not accepted:

    Album Title

    Take Me To Church - Single

    Artist Name

    Take Me To Church

    Artist Name

    Because You Know

    Album Title

    I’m All About That Bass

    Track Title

    No Treble

    Artist Name

    I’ve Got One Less

    Album Title

    Problem Without You

    Track Title

    One Less

    Album Title

    Chandelier (Dubstep Version) - Single

    Track Title

    Chandelier (Dubstep Version)

    Album/Track Artist

    DJ Dubstep

    Album Title

    Detroit Vs. Everybody - Single

    Track Title

    Detroit Vs. Everybody (Clean Version)

    Album/Track Artist

    Michigan

  • 9.6. Music Videos. Karaoke music videos are not accepted.

  • 9.7. Karaoke and Fitness & Workout Genres. Albums containing Karaoke content must use Karaoke as the primary genre at the album and track level. This includes backing tracks, performance tracks, or any other type of content that could be identified as Karaoke.

    Fitness remixes and fitness cover versions of tracks must use the Fitness & Workout genre at the album and track level.

  • 9.8. Sound-a-likes. Sound-a-likes, or cover versions or tribute songs that sound very similar to the original, aren't accepted. Recordings that include a similar name, title, or image of a popular artist in the content title or cover art may be hidden for editorial reasons. This content may not actually violate copyright law, but they cause customer confusion.

  • 9.9. Unauthorized remixes. Unauthorized remixes aren't accepted.

  • 9.10. Lead Vocals. Karaoke must not include lead vocals or vocal versions.

10. Mixes and Remixes

  • 10.1. Collections and Compilations. Albums that are a collection of different tracks mixed together or compiled by a single DJ or artist, must list the DJ or artist at album level and identify them as primary.

  • 10.2. Primary Artist Designation. Tracks that are mixed or compiled must list the remixer at track level and identify them as primary. The original artist must not be listed as primary.

    Album Title

    A State of Trance 2015

    Album Artist

    Armin van Buuren (Primary)

    Track Title

    Pegasus

    Track Artist

    Protoculture

    Track Title

    Panta Rhei

    Track Artist

    Armin van Buuren (Primary)

    Mark Sixma (Primary)

    Album Title

    Electric Daisy Carnival, Vol. 1

    Album Artist

    Kaskade (Primary)

    Track Title

    Undertaker

    Track Artist

    Wolfgang Gartner (Primary)

    Track Title

    Some Chords

    Track Artist

    deadmau5 (Primary)

    Album Title

    DJ-Kicks

    Album Artist

    Maya Jane Coles (Primary)

    Track Title

    Loqux & Past

    Track Artist

    Deft (Primary)

    Track Title

    Analog Tour

    Track Artist

    T. Williams (Primary)

    Track Title

    DJ-Kicks (Continuous DJ Mix)

    Track Artist

    Maya Jane Coles (Primary)

  • 10.3. Remix Version Information. Albums that are a collection of remixes of the same track, must communicate this in the album title. To avoid identical track titles, the titles must include enough information about the remixes to differentiate them.

    If an artist is featured on the original song, the remix should be formatted as “Title (feat. Artist) [Remix]”.

    Album Title

    Dancing in the Key of Life (Remixes)

    Track Titles

    Dancing in the Key of Life (M.I.K.E. Push Remix)

    Dancing in the Key of Life (Michael Gin Remix)

    Album Title

    Somebody That I Used to Know (feat. Kimbra) [Tiësto Remix]

    Track Titles

    Somebody That I Used to Know (feat. Kimbra) [Tiësto Remix]

    Album Title

    Alors on danse (Remixes) - EP

    Track Titles

    Alors on danse (Remix) [feat. Kanye West]

    Alors on danse (Remix) [feat. Erik Hassle]

    Alors on danse (Solo Remix)

    Alors on danse (Solo Dub Remix)

    Alors on danse (Mowgli Remix)

  • 10.4. Continuous Mixes Version Information. A continuous mix track combines shorter songs into one long track. The longer track must be clearly labeled as a continuous mix.

  • 10.5. Continuous Mixes Artist Information. The mixing DJ should be marked as Primary for continuous mix tracks. If there are 4 or more DJs use Various Artists.

  • 10.6. Songs Must Be Available Individually. A continuous mix must only be on an album that offers the exact same songs for individual purchase.

    Album Title

    UKF Dubstep 2010

    Track Title (1)

    Oxygen (Gemini Remix)

    Track Title (2)

    Cracks (Flux Pavilion Remix) [feat. Belle Humble]

    Track Title (16)

    UKF Dubstep 2010 (Continuous DJ Mix)

11. Capitalization, Abbreviations, Accents and Characters

To ensure that accents and capitalizations appear correctly on the iTunes Store and Apple Music, the appropriate language must be set in the metadata.

  • 11.1. Nonstandard Capitalization. Titles must not be in all capitals, all lower case, or random casing.

    Incorrect

    Reason

    YOUNG AMERICANS

    Title is all upper case.

    the downward spiral

    Title is all lower case.

    a TIMe to lOVE

    Title has random capitalization.

  • 11.2. Abbreviation of Part and Volume. The words Part and Volume must be abbreviated with “Pt.” and “Vol.” Titles should be formatted as “Title, Vol. x” and “Title, Pt. x,” where x is a number.

    Album Title

    Dead Presidents, Vol. 1

    Track Title

    The Payback, Pt. 1

  • 11.3. English Title Casing. English titles must be in title case format and follow the casing conventions as outlined in Appendix 2: Title Case. In addition, for English, words before and after a dash (-), slash (/), or colon (:) must be capitalized.

    Title casing is not required for content sold in Japan, as long as these titles are localized in Japanese.

  • 11.4. Spanish and Portuguese Casing. For Spanish and Portuguese titles, the content provider can decide on either title or sentence casing, as long as the casing is consistent throughout a given album. Capitalize the first word in parentheses or brackets. In addition, words after a dash ( - ) or slash ( / ) should be capitalized. Words after a ( : ) should be lowercase, except for series and medleys.

    For example:

    • Luz da Tua Voz (Ao Vivo)

    • Popurrí: Guitarras de media noche / Ya no me quieres / Paloma querida (En directo)

    • Sevillanas: La vuelta del camino

    • Adiós querida mía: que te vaya bien

    The following Spanish words should always be in lowercase (if title casing is used, these are also the only words that should be lowercase):

    a

    e

    las

    por

    al

    el

    los

    un

    de

    en

    o

    una

    del

    la

    para

    y

    The following Portuguese words should always be in lowercase (if title casing is used, these are also the only words that should be lowercase):

    a

    das

    nas

    pela

    à

    de

    no

    pelas

    ao

    do

    nos

    pelo

    aos

    dos

    o

    pelos

    as

    e

    os

    por

    pra

    pro

    às

    em

    ou

    um

    da

    na

    para

    uma

  • 11.5. Swedish, French, and Italian Casing. Swedish, French, and Italian titles must be formatted in sentence-case format.

    Album Title

    Track Title

    L’amour dans la rue

    Jonques de pêcheurs au crépuscule

    Il mondo che vorrei

    Les chants magnétiques

    C’è chi dice no

    Il mondo che vorrei

    Hoppa upp!

    E adesso che tocca a me

    För sent för edelweiss

    Kärlek är ett brev skickat tusen gånger

    Swing de Paris

    Sur les monts d'Auvergne

  • 11.6. German Casing. German titles must use sentence case, and the first letter of every noun must be capitalized.

    Album Title

    Track Title

    Was ihr wollt

    Ich tu dir weh

    So ist das Spiel

    Dicke Mädchen haben schöne Namen

  • 11.7. Hörspiel Formatting. Hörspiel (a German dramatized performance or reading) titles must be formatted as follows:

    Album Title

    Folge 103: Der Hexenschatz

    Track Titles

    Bibi Blocksberg Lied

    Kapitel 1: Florian braucht Hilfe

    Kapitel 2: Mit Sina zum Palast

    Kapitel 3: Im Labyrinth der Steine

    Kapitel 4: Braue den Hextrank!

    Note that the language for all parts or chapters must be “Teil” or “Kapitel.”

    Hörspiele that are not part of a series but may be based on a movie or TV show must be formatted as follows:

    Album Title

    Cars 2 (Das Original-Hörspiel zum Film)

    Track Titles

    Cars 2 - Teil 1

    Cars 2 - Teil 2

    Cars 2 - Teil 3

    Cars 2 - Teil 4

  • 11.8. Accents and Characters Required. Supported languages must include all accents. For a list of supported languages, see Language Codes in the iTunes Package Music Specification. For example:

    • Hôtel d’Angleterre

    • Révérence

    • Kärlek är ett brev skickat tusen gånger

    • Max Gazzè

    • L’uomo più furbo

    • Les plus belles chansons françaises

    • Un monstre à Paris ! (du film « Un monstre à Paris »)

    For German names and titles, all characters common in German orthography must be used (for example, Ä ä, Ö ö, Ü ü, ß). Do not use digraphs.

    Correct

    Incorrect

    Ihre größten Erfolge

    Ihre groessten Erfolge

    1000 Träume weit

    1000 Traeume weit

12. Genres

  • 12.1. Accuracy. Genres must not be egregiously misclassified (for example, Hip Hop/Rap in place of Children’s Music).

    For a complete list of acceptable genres, see the iTunes Package Music Specification Addendum: Music, Music Video, and Ringtone Genre Codes in Guides. Not every genre has a genre page in iTunes and the list may change at any time. You must only select genres from this list, regardless of what language your content may be in (for example, a French hip-hop track should be submitted as Hip Hop/Rap). Genre names are automatically translated for each iTunes Store or Apple Music territory.

    The first genre listed will be the primary genre and must be the best description for the content. The secondary genre provides an additional search term that may help users find the content. A second genre is not required, but it should be used when applicable.

    Content will only chart in the first primary genre. Albums with Latin genres or the Korean Pop genre will chart in both the primary and secondary genres.

  • 12.2. Genre Specificity. Use the most specific primary genre that applies to your music, such as Pop in Spanish or Tropical, instead of more generic genres such as Latino or Pop.

    For additional genre rules for Indian content, see section 32. Genres for Bangladeshi, Indian, Nepalese, Pakistani, and Sri Lankan Content.

13. Original Release Dates

The original release date can differ from the sales start date. The sales start date is the date an album will be available for purchase in a given territory on the iTunes Store or on Apple Music.

  • 13.1. Accuracy. Album and track release dates should be the original date when the album or track was first released, regardless of country, or whether it was released digitally versus physically.

    Note: The original release date for rerecords must be the first date the rerecord was available, and not the release date of the original recording. Additional versions of an album that are not rerecords (for example, remastered, reissued, or bonus versions) must still be given the original release date for the album and original tracks. Any previously unreleased or bonus tracks should receive the release date of when these were first made available.

14. Complete and Partial Albums

  • 14.1. All Tracks Required. For the digital version of an album, all tracks that exist on the physical version must be delivered and the track numbering must match. The total track count must be provided in your delivery.

  • 14.2. Complete Albums Required. An album is incomplete if it is missing tracks that are available on the physical version (in the same territory). For example, if the physical version of an album has ten tracks, and the version provided to iTunes contains eight tracks, the album is incomplete. On the iTunes Store and on Apple Music, the album will be marked with a Partial flag and the Buy Album button will not be displayed.

15. Parental Advisory

  • 15.1. Explicit Content Flagging. Explicit content must be flagged Explicit with a parental advisory tag. Terms like “(Explicit),” “(Explicit Version),” “(Dirty),” “(Dirty Version),” must not be used for album, ringtone, or track titles.

  • 15.2. Clean Version Flagging. Clean versions of audio content with an available explicit version must be flagged Clean to prevent customers from accidentally purchasing the clean version. Only flag tracks as Clean if there is a corresponding explicit version of the track.

    Note that terms like “(Clean),” “(Clean Version),” “(Edited),” or “(Edited Version)” must not be used for album, ringtone, or track titles.

16. Automatically Censored Words

  • 16.1. Censoring Words. Artist names, track titles, and album titles must be submitted in the original form that was intended by the artist. Explicit words are automatically censored on the iTunes Store and on Apple Music (for example, F**k, or S**t). Do not insert the asterisks yourself.

17. Cover Art and Booklet Design Specifications

  • 17.1. Cover Art Size. Cover art must be at least 3000 x 3000 pixels. Larger images are recommended. The aspect ratio must be 1:1.

  • 17.2. Booklet Dimensions. Booklets must have a minimum dimension of 11 x 8.265 inches and be a minimum of four pages and full bleed. A DIN A1 or larger page layout should be used.

18. Cover Art, Booklet, and LP Art Policies

  • 18.1. Accuracy. Deliver the album’s original cover art whenever possible, and don’t use generic art templates. Don’t use art that doesn’t match the album you’re delivering.

  • 18.2. Quality. Images must not be blurry, pixelated, mismatched, misaligned, rotated, incorrect, or have other quality issues.

  • 18.3. Competitors. Art must not contain website addresses, logos, or any other reference to competitors of iTunes.

  • 18.4. “iTunes” or “Apple Inc.” Art must not contain the words “iTunes” or “Apple Inc.”

  • 18.5. Apple Logo or the Term “Exclusive.” Art must not contain the Apple logo or the term “Exclusive” without prior authorization from Apple.

  • 18.6. References to Physical Packaging or Retailers. Art must not include references to the physical packaging (for example, CD or cassette) or any other retailers.

  • 18.7. Digital Product. Art must not include references to it being a digital product.

  • 18.8. Pricing. The art must not include references to pricing, including “Reduced Price,” “Low Price,” “Available for $9.99,” or “For Promo Use.”

  • 18.9. Pornography. Art must not contain pornography or a URL for a website that contains or links to pornography.

  • 18.10. Up-selling. The art must not up-sell to another product.

  • 18.11. Misleading. The art must not be misleading (for example, prominently depicting or referencing an artist even though the artist does not perform on the album).

  • 18.12. Missing Content. Art must not contain references to content that the album doesn't contain, such as “included DVD” or “includes lyrics.”

19. Medleys, Snippets, and Advertisement Tracks

  • 19.1. Medley Version Information. Medleys are defined as multiple songs woven together and should be separated by a forward slash.

    Track Titles

    Over the Moor to Maggie / Fred Finn’s / The Hunter’s House

  • 19.2. Snippets and Advertisement Tracks Not Permitted. Snippets are defined as partial segments of songs that are meant to advertise the full-length content. Advertisement tracks are defined as full or partial songs that contain additional audio meant to advertise the album, individual songs, or other content.

  • 19.3. Subliminal Content Not Permitted. Content that advertises subliminal audio will not be accepted.

20. Ringtones

  • 20.1. Ringtones on Music Albums. Ringtones must be submitted as ringtones, not songs. Music albums must not include ringtone tracks.

  • 20.2. Ringtone Information. Albums, artists, or track titles must not include any generic descriptive language such as “Tone,” “Alert Tone,” “Text Tone,” “Ringtone,” “Ringtone Version,” and so on.

  • 20.3. Karaoke Ringtones. Karaoke ringtones aren’t accepted.

  • 20.4. Cover Ringtones. Ringtones of cover songs must include the title version “Cover” to eliminate customer confusion.

  • 20.5. Classical Music Ringtones. Ringtones of classical music must include the composer in the title. Standard nicknames for classical pieces are accepted.

    Example: Beethoven: Symphony No. 1

    Example: Beethoven: Moonlight Sonata

21. Music Videos

  • 21.1. Subtitles. Music videos must not contain subtitles or lyrics displayed as subtitles.

  • 21.2. Lyric Videos. Official lyric videos in which the lyrics of the song are stylized as the main focus must include “(Lyric Video)” in the title. Music videos must not contain static or scrolling lyrics, nor audio for karaoke.

  • 21.3. Graphic Overlays. Music videos must not contain chyrons, static or scrolling lyrics, or lower-third graphics.

  • 21.4. Explicit Content. Music videos that contain nudity, drug references, or depictions of drug use must be marked “Explicit.”

  • 21.5. Pornography. Music videos must not contain pornography.

  • 21.6. Release Dates or Advertisements. Music videos must not contain release dates, logos, or advertisements.

  • 21.7. Nonstandard Music Videos. Music videos that are artist interviews, commentaries, behind the scenes, or similar in content must be bundled with a music album and cannot be sold individually.

  • 21.8. Promotional Still Image Videos. Promotional videos (such as videos displaying only the cover art and audio or slide shows) will not be accepted.

  • 21.9. Inactive Pixels. Music videos must not contain inactive pixels.

  • 21.10. Music Videos From Films. Music videos taken from musical films must contain a title version that refers to the film such as (From “Name of Film”).

  • 21.11. Teasers, Trailers and Partial Videos. Music videos which have been shortened or edited into a promotional teaser, trailer or partial version will not be accepted.

  • 21.12. Additional Information. Music videos must not contain the terms “Clips from...,” “Official Music Video,” “Full Song Video,” “Full Version,” or other extraneous information. Albums containing only videos (which are not Live Performance Music Videos) must contain “(Video Album)” in the album title.

  • 21.13. Music Video Cover Art. Music videos must use clips from the videos for cover art. Only the active pixel area may be included. Other images, such as album cover art, will not be accepted.

  • 21.14. Music Video Quality. Music videos with poor quality (such as glitches, blurriness, incomplete video or audio, no audio, out of sync audio and video, and so on) will not be accepted.

Additional Standards and Guidelines for Western Classical Music

Overview

This section contains additional standards that are specific to western classical music. For standard composer names, album titles, song titles, and other information for classical content, consult the International Music Score Library Project website.

22. Classical Artist Names

  • Use the generally accepted, standard and/or legal artist name and spelling, with no abbreviations, commas, or additional information.

    Correct

    Incorrect

    Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

    Wolfgang Mozart

    Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus

    Frédéric Chopin

    F. Chopin

    Frédéric François Chopin

    Modest Mussorgsky

    Modest Mussorgsky (arranged by Ravel)

    Samuel Ramey

    Samuel Ramey (Figaro)

    The Sixteen

    Sixteen, The

    For details on these standards, see Table 1: Standard Classical Abbreviations, Table 3: Common Composer Names, and Table 4: Common Orchestra and Conductor Names.

23. Primary Artists

Primary Artist Designation. All performing artists must be marked as Primary for western classical music albums and ringtones. This includes any soloists, ensembles, accompanists, and conductors. Individual members of an ensemble should not be marked as Primary, unless they are featured as a soloist or serve as the director or conductor.

  • 23.1. Primary Artists at the Album Level. The main artists highlighted for western classical music should be marked as Primary at the album level. For example, for a recording of:

    • Beethoven symphonies performed by a single orchestra and conductor, mark both the orchestra and conductor as Primary

    • Beethoven symphonies performed by several orchestras but with the same conductor, mark only the conductor as Primary

    • Beethoven symphonies performed by several orchestras and several conductors, mark Various Artists as Primary

    • Concertos performed by the same orchestra and conductor but featuring several soloists, mark the orchestra and the conductor as Primary

    • A collection of Schubert Art Songs (Lieder) performed by several vocalists and pianists, mark Various Artists as Primary

    • A complete opera, mark the principal vocal soloists, the orchestra, and the conductor all as Primary. For example, for the opera Falstaff mark the principal baritone soloist, the orchestra, and the conductor as Primary. For the opera Tosca, mark the principal soprano, tenor, and baritone soloists, along with the orchestra and the conductor, as Primary.

  • 23.2. Primary Artists at the Track Level. All artists performing on a track must be marked as Primary. Do not enter Various Artists as an artist name at the track level. For example, if a track features:

    • A violin sonata with piano accompaniment, mark both the violinist and the pianist as Primary

    • A concerto, mark the soloists, the orchestra, and the conductor all as Primary

    • An orchestra but a prominent solo appears during the track, mark the orchestra, the soloists, and the conductor all as Primary

    • A choir accompanied by piano or orchestra, mark the choir, the accompanists or orchestra, and the conductor all as Primary

    • An ensemble that doesn’t perform with a conductor, do not enter conductor information

    • An artist whose complete information isn’t available, as may occur with vintage recordings, provide as much artist information as possible. Only use Unknown Artist at the track level and with the Performer role. Do not mark Unknown Artist as Primary.

    • An opera, mark all artists present on that track as Primary

  • 23.3. Primary Artists for Ensembles. If a named ensemble is performing, the full name of the ensemble must be used for chamber music works (for example, “Emerson String Quartet”). Individual members of a named ensemble should not also be listed as primary but can be listed as a non-primary performer. If the album contains a collection of artists assembled only for the purposes of one particular album, each individual artist must be credited at the album and track level with the Performer role and marked Primary.

    Album Title

    Mozart: Don Giovanni, K. 527

    Album Artists

    Ildebrando d’Arcangelo

    Luca Pisaroni

    Diana Damrau

    Joyce DiDonato

    Rolando Villazón

    Mojca Erdmann

    Mahler Chamber Orchestra

    Yannick Nézet-Séguin

    Composer

    Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

24. Composers

Correct and complete composer information is required for western classical music content.

  • 24.1. Use of Composer Role. At least one Composer must be provided at both the album and the track level.

  • 24.2. Unknown Composers. If the album contains selections of unknown authorship, such as a folk song or Gregorian chant, use Anonymous or Traditional as the composer.

  • 24.3. Misuse of Composer Role. Librettists or lyricists must not be assigned the Composer role.

  • 24.4. Composer as Primary. Composers may never be marked as Primary unless they are also performing as the soloist, accompanist or conductor.

  • 24.5. Various Composers. If there are four or more composers on the album, the album-level composer should be Various Composers. Do not list more than three composers at the album level. Do not use Various Composers for one-track singles or if there is only one composer on an album.

25. Album Titles

  • 25.1. Formatting. The album title should include the composers, followed by a colon, followed by the work titles, catalog numbers, or type of works such as Sonatas or Preludes. For example:

    • Monteverdi: Vespro della Beata Vergine, SV 206

    • Bach: Jesu, meine Freude, BWV 227 – Vivaldi: Gloria in D Major, RV 589

    • Haydn: Complete Symphonies, Vol. 1

    • Mozart: Requiem in D Minor, K. 626

    • Beethoven: Violin Concerto, Op. 61 – Brahms: Symphony No. 1, Op. 68

    • Schubert & Schumann: Piano Sonatas

    • Chopin: Preludes & Nocturnes

    • Tchaikovsky: The Nutcracker & Swan Lake (Highlights)

    • Stravinsky: Le sacre du printemps (The Rite of Spring)

    • Britten: Choral Works

    If an album has an exact release title, such as The Most Beloved Classical Masterworks, that title may be used.

  • 25.2. Recording Dates. If the album title contains the recording date, use the following format: the album title, followed by the word “Recorded” and the year recorded in parentheses. For example:

    • Mozart: Die Zauberflöte, K. 620 (Recorded 1954)

26. Track Titles

  • 26.1. Formatting. Track titles must be complete and correctly formatted.

    • If a track features a movement or selection from a larger work like a symphony or concerto, begin the track title with the name of the larger work. This applies even if a track contains a portion of a movement, selection, or excerpt.

    • If a work has an assigned catalog number, include the catalog number in the title.

    • For a piece with up to 20 movement or section numbers, you can use Roman numerals, such as XIV or XX. If a piece contains 21 or more movements or sections, use Arabic numerals in the form No. 1, No. 2, and so on. For example:

      • Keyboard Concerto No. 5 in F Minor, BWV 1056: III. Presto

      • Serenade in G Major, K. 525 “Eine kleine Nachtmusik”: I. Allegro (Excerpt)

      • Symphony No. 5 in C Minor, Op. 67: I. Allegro con brio

      • Piano Sonata No. 14 in C-Sharp Minor, Op. 27 No. 2 “Moonlight”: I. Adagio sostenuto

      • Die Winterreise, D. 911: No. 24, Der Leiermann

      • 1812 Overture, Op. 49 (Excerpt: Finale)

      • Three Lyric Pieces, Op. 47: No. 1, Summer Song

      • L'isle joyeuse, L. 106

    • Use hyphens to indicate multiple sections or movements within one track, for example:

      • String Quartet No. 1 in G Major, K. 80: III. Minuet - Trio

      • Pictures at an Exhibition: Promenade – The Gnome

    • Use colons to separate the title of a work from the title of a movement or selection, for example:

      • Cello Suite No. 1 in G Major, BWV 1007: I. Prelude

      • Requiem, Op. 48: In paradisum

    • Use quotation marks to indicate the common nickname of a work, such as:

      Variations on an Original Theme, Op. 36 “Enigma”: Var. IX. Nimrod

  • 26.2. Recording Dates. If the track title contains the recording date, use the following format: the main track title, followed by the word “Recorded” and the year recorded in parentheses. For example:

    • Mozart: Die Zauberflöte, K. 620: Overture (Recorded 1954)

  • 26.3. Consistency. Track titles should be treated consistently. If an album includes information for one title, the information should be included for all other titles. For example:

    • The following group of tracks are consistently formatted:

      Piano Concerto in G Major, M. 83: I. Allegramente

      Piano Concerto in G Major, M. 83: II. Adagio

      Piano Concerto in G Major, M. 83: III. Presto

      The following group of tracks are not consistently formatted:

      Piano Concerto in G, M. 83: I. Allegramente

      Concerto for Piano and Orchestra in G Major, M. 83: 2. Adagio

      Concerto in G, M. 83: Presto

    • The following group of tracks are consistently formatted:

      Orchestral Suite No. 1 in C Major, BWV 1066

      Orchestral Suite No. 2 in B Minor, BWV 1067

      Orchestral Suite No. 3 in D Major, BWV 1068

      The following group of tracks are not consistently formatted:

      Orchestral Suite No. 1 in C Major, BWV 1066

      Suite for Orchestra in B Minor, BWV 1067

      Suite pour orchestre n°3 en Ré Majeur, bwv 1068

  • 26.4. Versions, Arrangements, and Transcriptions. If a work has been altered from the original composition, this must be noted at the end of the title. For example, “Gianni Schicchi: O mio babbino caro (Arr. for Piano).”

27. Opera Titles

  • 27.1. Formatting. The track title for a selection from an opera should start with the name of the opera, followed by a colon, followed by the selection title. For recordings of a complete opera, include act and scene information after the opera title but before the colon and selection title. One-act operas which are through-composed are excluded from this rule. For example:

    Opera Selection Titles:

    • Don Giovanni, K. 527: Il mio tesoro

    • La traviata: Libiamo, libiamo… (“Brindisi”)

    • Tosca: Vissi d’arte

    Complete Opera Titles:

    • Falstaff, Act III Scene 2: Un poco di pausa

    • Falstaff, Act III Scene 2: Ogni sorta di gente dozzinale

    • Falstaff, Act III Scene 2: Tutto nel mondo è burla

  • 27.2. Consistency. Track titles should be treated consistently. For example, if an album of opera selections includes character information for one title, the information should be included for all other titles. For example:

    • La bohème, Act II: Quando m'en vo (Musetta)

    • Turandot, Act III: Nessun dorma (Calaf)

    • The Magic Flute, K. 620, Act II: O Isis und Osiris (Sarastro und Chor)

    • A Midsummer Night's Dream, Op. 64: Now until the Break of Day (Oberon, Tytania, Puck, Fairies)

28. Language Casing

All language-casing rules in this style guide also apply to western classical music content, even for titles that contain more than one language.

29. Classical-Crossover

Use the genre Classical Crossover for the following types of music:

  • Popular music performed in a classical style

  • Music from the standard classical repertoire performed in a popular style

  • Music that isn’t part of the standard classical repertoire but is performed by an artist that primarily works in, or is best known for, classical music

  • Compilations featuring both non-classical songs as well as standard classical works which are marketed towards a non-classical audience

  • 29.1. Artist Roles for Classical-Crossover Content. The same rules regarding composers and primary artists apply to classical crossover albums.

  • 29.2. Track Title Formatting for Classical-Crossover Content. Track titles for Classical-Crossover genre content can start with the selection, movement, or popular title of a work. Major work titles and catalog numbers must still be included, but may be presented at the end of the title within parentheses. Only use this relaxed formatting on classical-crossover albums. For example:

    • Dance of the Sugar-Plum Fairy (From “The Nutcracker”, Op. 71)

    • Eine kleine Nachtmusik (First movement from Serenade in G Major, K. 525)

    • Nessun dorma (from the Opera “Turandot”)

    • Flight of the Bumblebee (From the Opera “The Tale of Tsar Saltan”)

    • Moonlight Sonata (First Movement from Piano Sonata No. 14, Op. 27 No. 2)

30. Miscellaneous

  • 30.1. Key Information. For information on accepted casing and spelling of keys, see Table 2: Classical Keys.

  • 30.2. Works. If grouping songs together as a work, such as a concerto or symphony, at least two songs must be included in the work. Do not group incomplete selections from a larger piece of music together as a work.

  • 30.3. Additional Information in Titles. Any additional information, such as translations, version or edition information, or arrangement credits, must be placed within parentheses at the end of the track title. For example:

    Correct

    Incorrect

    Kinderszenen, Op. 15: VII. Träumerei (Arr. for Cello and Piano)

    Kinderszenen, Op. 15 (Arr. for Cello and Piano): VII. Träumerei

    The Rite of Spring, Pt. 2 “The Sacrifice”: Sacrificial Dance (Revised 1947 Version)

    The Rite of Spring, Pt. 2 “The Sacrifice” (Revised 1947 Version): Sacrificial Dance

    Pictures at an Exhibition: Promenade IV (Orch. Ravel)

    Pictures at an Exhibition (Orch. Ravel): Promenade IV

  • 30.4. Classical Abbreviations. For accepted abbreviations of classical works, see Table 1: Standard Classical Abbreviations.

  • 30.5. Outside References. For standard composer names, album titles, song titles, catalogue numbers and other information for western classical music content, consult Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians, The Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, or the International Music Score Library Project website.

Bangladeshi, Indian, Nepalese, Pakistani, and Sri Lankan Content

31. Artists, Translations, and Cover Art

  • 31.1. Artist Names. Standard artist names and spellings must be used. For additional artist rules for all content, see section 2. Artist Names.

    Correct

    Incorrect

    S. P. Balasubrahmanyam

    SPB

    K. S. Chithra

    Chitra

    Dr. M. Balamuralikrishna

    M Balamurlikrishna

    K. J. Yesudas

    Yesudas

    Pandit Bhimsen Joshi

    Bhimsen Joshi

    Bade Ghulam Ali Khan

    Ghulam Ali

  • 31.2. Music Directors. All music directors must be listed. For soundtrack albums, music directors should be listed twice at the album level: as a Performer (Primary) and as a Composer (Not Primary). At the track level, the music director must be listed as Composer (Not Primary), and can also be listed as a Performer (Primary).

    For Indian Classical albums, the music director must be listed with the tracks as Composer (Not Primary). If the album contains selections of unknown authorship, such as folk songs, chants, or devotionals, use Anonymous or Traditional as the composer.

  • 31.3. Primary Performer Roles. All the main performing artists must be listed as Performer (Primary) on each track. The composers of soundtracks should be listed as (Primary) at the album level. Singers should be listed as Performers (Primary) at the track level. For non-soundtrack albums, the singers should be listed as Performer (Primary) at the album and the track level.

  • 31.4. Featuring Performer Roles. Artists, actors, commentators, and so on, can be listed with the Featuring role (Not Primary) for tracks with dialog or spoken word.

  • 31.5. Lyricists. Lyricists or songwriters should be listed with the Songwriter (Not Primary) or Lyricist (Not Primary) role.

  • 31.6. Actors. Actors should have the Performer role and not be marked Primary. Don’t list actors who don’t appear on that track. For more information, see section 2. Artist Names.

  • 31.7. Include All Artists Listed on the Cover Art. All participants listed on the cover art must be included in the metadata with their appropriate roles.

32. Genres

  • 32.1. Indian Genres. Indian music must have at least one Indian genre or Indian sub-genre for the album (Primary or Secondary, as applicable).The language-specific genre should be Primary for Indian soundtrack albums. The music-specific genre should be Primary for Indian pop, Indian folk, Indian classical, devotional and spiritual, Sufi, and Ghazals albums. If a secondary genre is required, it is included in the examples below.

    Original Motion Picture Soundtrack Albums

    Hindi Albums

    Primary Genre

    Bollywood

    Secondary Genre

    Soundtrack

    Tamil Albums

    Primary Genre

    Tamil

    Secondary Genre

    Soundtrack

    Telugu Albums

    Primary Genre

    Telugu

    Secondary Genre

    Soundtrack

    Other languages (Bhojpuri, Oriya, Assamese, and so on)

    Primary Genre

    Regional Indian

    Secondary Genre

    Soundtracks

    Devotionally and Spiritual Albums

    Primary Genre

    Devotional & Spiritual

    Indian Pop Albums

    Primary Genre

    Indian Pop

    Indian Folk Albums

    Primary Genre

    Indian Folk

    Sufi Albums

    Primary Genre

    Sufi

    Ghazal Albums

    Primary Genre

    Ghazals

    Indian Classical Albums (Hindustani and Carnatic Classical)

    Vocal Classical Albums

    Primary Genre

    Indian Classical

    Instrumental Classical Albums

    Primary Genre

    Indian Classical

    Secondary Genre

    Instrumental

33. Music from Movies

  • 33.1. Soundtrack Albums. Albums with songs from a single movie must include ”(Original Motion Picture Soundtrack)” in the album title. As noted in 31.2. Music Directors, soundtrack album music directors must be listed as Composer and Performer (Primary) at the album level. Music directors for the individual tracks should be listed in the Composer role at the track level.

    Tamil Soundtrack

    Field Name

    Metadata

    Notes

    Album Title

    Maryan (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack)

     

    Album Artist

    A. R. Rahman (Primary)

    Music Director

    A.R. Rahman (Composer) (Not Primary)

    Music Director

    Dhanush (Not Primary)

    Actor

    Parvathi (Not Primary)

    Actor

    Genres

    Tamil

    Primary Genre

    Soundtrack

    Secondary Genre

    Track Title

    Innum Konjam Naeram

     

    Track Artist

    A. R. Rahman (Composer) (Not Primary)

    Music Director

    Vijay Prakash (Primary)

    Singer

    Shweta Mohan (Primary)

    Singer

    A. R. Rahman (Songwriter) (Not Primary)

    Lyricist

    Kabilan (Songwriter) (Not Primary)

    Lyricist

    Track Title

    Naetru Aval

     

    Track Artist

    A. R. Rahman (Composer) (Not Primary)

    Music Director

    Vijay Prakash (Primary)

    Singer

    Chinmayi (Primary)

    Singer

    Valee (Songwriter) (Not Primary)

    Lyricist

    Bollywood Soundtrack

    Field Name

    Metadata

    Notes

    Album Title

    Krrish (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack)

     

    Album Artist

    Rajesh Roshan (Composer) (Not Primary)

    Music Director

    Rajesh Roshan (Primary)

    Music Director

    Hrithik Roshan (Not Primary)

    Actor

    Priyanka Chopra (Not Primary)

    Actor

    Genres

    Bollywood

    Primary Genre

    Soundtrack

    Secondary Genre

    Track Title

    Pyaar Ki Ek Kahani

     

    Track Artist

    Sonu Nigam (Primary)

    Singer

    Shreya Ghoshal (Primary)

    Singer

    Rajesh Roshan (Composer) (Not Primary)

    Music Director

    Nasir Faraaz (Songwriter) (Not Primary)

    Lyricist

    Track Title

    Koi Tumsa Nahin

     

    Track Artist

    Sonu Nigam (Primary)

    Singer

    Shreya Ghoshal (Primary)

    Singer

    Rajesh Roshan (Composer) (Not Primary)

    Music Director

    Ibraheem Ashk (Songwriter) (Not Primary)

    Lyricist

  • 33.2. Soundtrack Albums with Multiple Music Directors. All music directors must be listed as Performer (Primary) and as Composer at the album level. Music directors for the individual tracks should be listed as Composer at the track level.

    Indian Album with Multiple Music Directors

    Field Name

    Metadata

    Notes

    Album Title

    Murder 2 (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack)

    (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack) with the playlist title

    Album Artist

    Harshit Saxena (Primary)

    Music Director

    Harshit Saxena (Composer) (Not Primary)

    Music Director

    Mithoon (Primary)

    Music Director

    Mithoon (Composer) (Not Primary)

    Music Director

    Sangeet Haldipur (Primary)

    Music Director

    Sangeet Haldipur (Composer) (Not Primary)

    Music Director

    Siddharth Haldipur (Primary)

    Music Director

    Siddharth Haldipur (Composer) (Not Primary)

    Music Director

    Emraan Hashmi (Not Primary)

    Actor

    Jacqueline Fernandez (Not Primary)

    Actor

    Genres

    Bollywood

    Primary Genre

    Soundtrack

    Secondary Genre

    Track Title

    Hale Dil

     

    Track Artist

    Harshit Saxena (Composer) (Not Primary)

    Music Director

    Harshit Saxena (Primary)

    Singer

    Sayeed Quadri (Songwriter) (Not Primary)

    Lyricist

    Track Title

    Aa Zara

     

    Track Artist

    Sangeet Haldipur (Composer) (Not Primary)

    Music Director

    Siddharth Haldipur (Composer) (Not Primary)

    Music Director

    Sunidhi Chauhan (Primary)

    Singer

    Kumaar (Songwriter) (Not Primary)

    Lyricist

    Track Title

    Aye Khuda

     

    Track Artist

    Mithoon (Composer) (Not Primary)

    Music Director

    Kshitij Tarey (Primary)

    Singer

    Saim Bhat (Primary)

    Singer

    Mithoon (Songwriter) (Not Primary)

    Lyricist

  • 33.3. Compilations of Soundtracks. Albums containing tracks from multiple movies must specify the movie in the track titles. The track title must indicate the soundtrack in the format “– Track Title (From “Movie Name”).” For more information, see section 4. Soundtracks, Scores, and Albums in a Series.

    Indian Soundtrack Compilation

    Field Name

    Metadata

    Notes

    Album Title

    Lat Lag Gayee

     

    Album Artist

    Various Artists (Primary)

    “Various Artists,” since each track has a different music director

    Genres

    Bollywood

    Primary Genre

    Soundtrack

    Secondary Genre

    Track Title

    Rabba Mere Rabba (From “Mujhe Kucch Kehna Hai”)

    Track title includes the movie name from which the track originated

    Track Artist

    Anu Malik (Composer) (Not Primary)

    Music Director

    Sonu Nigam (Primary)

    Singer

    Sameer (Songwriter) (Not Primary)

    Lyricist

    Track Title

    Mashup (From “Jayantabhai Ki Luv Story”)

    Track title includes the movie name the track is from

    Track Artist

    Sachin-Jigar (Composer) (Not Primary)

    Music Director

    Kiran Kamath (Primary)

    DJ Artist

    Priya Panchal (Songwriter) (Not Primary)

    Lyricist

    Mayur Puri (Songwriter) (Not Primary)

    Lyricist

  • 33.4. Compilations for one Singer or Composer. Albums with up to three primary performers (singers or composers) must list the primary performers at the album level.

    Indian Compilation for One Singer

    Field Name

    Metadata

    Notes

    Album Title

    The Golden Voice

     

    Album Artist

    Kishore Kumar (Primary)

    Singer

    Genres

    Bollywood

    Primary Genre

    Soundtrack

    Secondary Genre

    Track Title

    Meet Na Mila Re Man Ka (From “Abhimaan”)

     

    Track Artist

    S. D. Burman (Composer) (Not Primary)

    Music Director

    Kishore Kumar (Primary)

    Singer

    Majrooh Sultanpuri (Songwriter) (Not Primary)

    Lyricist

    Track Title

    Yeh Kya Hua (From “Amar Prem”)

     

    Track Artist

    R. D. Burman (Composer) (Not Primary)

    Music Director

    Kishore Kumar (Primary)

    Singer

    Anand Bakshi (Songwriter) (Not Primary)

    Lyricist

    Indian Compilation for One Composer

    Field Name

    Metadata

    Notes

    Album Title

    Best of A. R. Rahman

     

    Album Artist

    A. R. Rahman (Primary)

    Music Director

    Genres

    Bollywood

    Primary Genre

    Soundtrack

    Secondary Genre

    Track Title

    Behka (From “Ghajini”)

     

    Track Artist

    A. R. Rahman (Composer) (Not Primary)

    Music Director

    Karthik (Primary)

    Singer

    Prasoon Joshi (Songwriter) (Not Primary)

    Lyricist

    Track Title

    Arziyan (From “Delhi 6”)

     

    Track Artist

    A. R. Rahman (Composer) (Not Primary)

    Music Director

    Javed Ali (Primary)

    Singer

    Kailash Kher (Primary)

    Singer

    Prasoon Joshi (Songwriter) (Not Primary)

    Lyricist

  • 33.5. One Track Singles from Soundtracks. Singles from the Original Motion Picture Soundtrack should have the same album and track title in the format “– Track Title (From “Movie Name”).” Artist names at the album level should match the artist names at the track level.

    Indian Singles from Soundtracks

    Field Name

    Metadata

    Notes

    Album Title

    Tu Hi Khwahish (From “Once Upon a Time in Mumbaai Dobara”) - Single

    Track title with the movie name

    Album Artist

    Pritam (Primary)

    Music Director

    Pritam (Composer) (Not Primary)

    Music Director

    Sunidhi Chauhan (Primary)

    Singer

    Rajat Arora (Songwriter) (Not Primary)

    Lyricist

    Akshay Kumar (Not Primary)

    Actor

    Imran Khan (Not Primary)

    Actor

    Sonakshi Sinha (Not Primary)

    Actor

    Genres

    Bollywood

    Primary Genre

    Soundtrack

    Secondary Genre

    Track Title

    Tu Hi Khwahish (From “Once Upon a Time in Mumbaai Dobara”)

     

    Track Artist

    Pritam (Primary)

    Music Director

    Pritam (Composer) (Not Primary)

    Music Director

    Sunidhi Chauhan (Primary)

    Singer

    Rajat Arora (Songwriter) (Not Primary)

    Lyricist

    Akshay Kumar (Not Primary)

    Imran Khan (Not Primary)

    Sonakshi Sinha (Not Primary)

    Actor

    Imran Khan (Not Primary)

    Actor

    Sonakshi Sinha (Not Primary)

    Actor

34. Additional Track Title Version Information

  • 34.1. Title Version Spelling and Abbreviation. Standard spellings with no abbreviations should be used for track title version information. For example, “Male Version,“ “Female Version,“ “Happy Version, “ “Sad Version,” and so on. For more information, see section 3.10. Track Version Information.

  • 34.2. Dialog, Instrumental, and Remix Title Versions. Dialog (such as songs with dialogs from an original motion picture), instrumental, and remix versions must include the track title version information. Soundtrack remixes should not include the movie titles if the track is not from the original soundtrack.

35. Indian Classical Music

  • 35.1. Indian Classical Artist Roles. For Indian Classical Albums, the main performers must be listed as Artist (Primary) at the album and track level. Artist listings must include all relevant artists and contributors to a given song or album. The accompanists and percussionists should be (Primary) on the track level only. For Jugalbandi albums all the artists should be listed as (Primary) performers on the album and the tracks. Composers should be in the Composer role only.

  • 35.2. Indian Classical Genres. For Indian classical albums, the primary genre must be Indian Classical. Instrumental Indian classical albums should use Instrumental as the secondary genre.

  • 35.3. Formatting of Indian Classical Track Titles. Track titles for Indian classical music must include the lyrics, raga, tala, and Indian classical genre information (Thumri, Khayal, Tarana, and so on). Variations or abbreviations of Raga and Taal (such as, raaga, raag, rag, tal, and so on) must not be used in the album or track title. Generic titles like Bhajan, Dhun, Ragam, or Tanam are not acceptable.

    Indian Classical Vocal Album

    Field Name

    Metadata

    Notes

    Album Title

    Worship by Music: Pandit Jasraj (Live at Indian Night Stuttgart, 1988)

     

    Album Artist

    Pandit Jasraj (Primary)

    Singer

    Sabir Khan (Not Primary)

    Tabla Player

    Sultan Khan (Not Primary)

    Sarangi Player

    Genres

    Indian Classical

    Primary genre

    Vocal

    Secondary genre

    Track Title

    Raga Ahir Bhairav: Khayal In Slow Ek Taal “Rasiya Mhara”/ Khayal In Fast Teen Taal “Aaj to Anand” (Live)

    Track title with lyrics, raga, and taal information.

    Track Artist

    Pandit Jasraj (Primary)

    Singer

    Pandit Jasraj (Primary)

    Tabla Player

    Sultan Khan (Primary)

    Sarangi Player

    Indian Classical Instrumental Album

    Field Name

    Metadata

    Notes

    Album Title

    India's Maestro of Melody: Live Concert, Vol. 7

    Playlist marked ‘Live’

    Album Artist

    Pandit Nikhil Banerjee (Primary)

    Sitar player

    Anindo Chatterjee (Not Primary)

    Tabla player

    Genres

    Indian Classical

    Primary genre

    Instrumental

    Secondary genre

    Track Title

    Raga Maru Bihag: Alap, Jod (Live)

    Track marked ‘Live’

    Track Artist

    Pandit Nikhil Banerjee (Primary)

    Sitar Player

    Anindo Chatterjee (Primary)

    Tabla Player

    Indian Classical Jugalbandi Instrumental Album

    Field Name

    Metadata

    Notes

    Album Title

    Jugal Bandi – Saxophone & Clarinet

     

    Album Artist

    Kadri Gopalnath (Primary)

    Saxophone Player

    Narasimhalu Vadavati (Primary)

    Clarinet Player

    Genres

    Indian Classical

    Primary genre

    Instrumental

    Secondary genre

    Track Artist

    Kadri Gopalnath (Primary)

    Sitar Player

    Narasimhalu Vadavati (Primary)

    Tabla Player

Russian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, and Ukrainian Metadata Guidelines

36. Russian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, and Ukrainian Metadata Guidelines

  • 36.1. Russian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, and Ukrainian Localizations. Russian albums must not use transliterated Russian in the album and track title. Use Cyrillic in the native title field, English in the English localization field, and transliteration in the Russian Phonetic field. English localizations and transliterations are not required. For example, these are acceptable:

    Field Name

    Russian (Native)

    English (Localization)

    Album Title

    О нём

    About Him

    Album Artist

    Ирина Дубцова

    Irina Dubtsova

    Track Title

    Шёлк

    Silk

    Track Artist

    Ирина Дубцова

    Irina Dubtsova

    Track Title

    Перекрёстки

    Crossroads

    Track Artist

    Ирина Дубцова

    Irina Dubtsova

    Belarusian, Bulgarian, and Ukrainian albums must follow the Russian guidelines.

    Field Name

    Ukrainian (Native)

    English (Localization)

    Album Title

    Мiра

    Measure

    Album Artist

    Океан Eльзи

    Okean Elzy

    Track Title

    День у день

    Day by Day

    Track Artist

    Океан Eльзи

    Okean Elzy

    Track Title

    Зеленi очi

    Green Eyes

    Track Artist

    Океан Eльзи

    Okean Elzy

  • 36.2. Russian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, and Ukrainian Casing. Russian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, and Ukrainian albums and track titles should be submitted in sentence case format.

    Note the correct phoneticized equivalent for the letters “е” and “ё”. Use the following table for phoneticized Russian when providing English localizations:

    Cyrillic

    Phoneticized

    Cyrillic

    Phoneticized

    А, а

    A (a)

     

    Р, р

    R (r)

    Б, б

    B (b)

     

    С, с

    S (s)

    В, в

    V (v)

     

    Т, т

    T (t)

    Г, г

    G (g)

     

    У, у

    U (u)

    Д, д

    D (d)

     

    Ф, ф

    F (f)

    Е, е

    E (e)

     

    Х, х

    KH (kh)

    Ё, ё

    E (e)

     

    Ц, ц

    TS (ts)

    Ж, ж

    ZH (zh)

     

    Ч, ч

    CH (ch)

    З, з

    Z (z)

     

    Ш, ш

    SH (sh)

    И, и

    I (i)

     

    Щ, щ

    SHCH (shch)

    Й, й

    Y (y)

     

    Ъ, ъ

    -

    К, к

    K (k)

     

    Ы, ы

    Y (y)

    Л, л

    L (l)

     

    Ь, ь

    -

    М, м

    M (m)

     

    Э, э

    E (e)

    Н, н

    N (n)

     

    Ю, ю

    YU (yu)

    О, о

    O (o)

     

    Я, я

    YA (ya)

    П, п

    P (p)

     

     

     

  • 36.3. Russian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, and Ukrainian Artist Names. Artist names should be in Cyrillic or Russian in the native artist name field. Provide transliterated or romanized English artist names in the English localization field.

  • 36.4. Russian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, and Ukrainian Soundtracks. For songs on soundtracks, the track title must include (Из к/ф “Soundtrack Name”). For example:

    Я не понимаю, что со мной (Из к/ф “На радость Вам и мне”)

    Вальс-шутка (Из м/ф “Танцы кукол”)

    Винни-Пух толстеть не станет (Из м/ф “Винни-Пух”)»

Chinese, Japanese, Korean, and Thai Metadata Guidelines

37. Chinese, Japanese, Korean, and Thai Metadata Guidelines

If an alternate local language title exists for the content, it may be provided instead of a translation of the original title. For example, these album titles are acceptable:

Field Name

English

Japanese

Album Title

Ellie, My Love

いとしのエリー

Field Name

English

Chinese

Album Title

Take Me to Your Heart

吻別

  • 37.1. Chinese Localizations. Chinese language content must be submitted with both Traditional Chinese and Simplified Chinese metadata, with one language being used in the primary language field and the other in the localization field.

  • 37.2. Korean Side-by-Side Translations. Korean content with side-by-side translations must have Korean first, followed by English without parentheses. This does not apply to artist names.

    Correct

    Incorrect

    말해봐 Talk Talk

    말해봐 Mal Hae Bwa

    그대네요 It’s You

    Geu Dae Ne Yo 그대네요

    묻지 않을게요

    묻지 않을게요 (Mudji Aneulgeyo)

    Wouldn’t Ask You

    Mudji Aneulgeyo

  • 37.3. Phonetics. Don’t provide phonetics in the native language fields. Use phonetics in the phonetic fields. Symbols (stars, hearts, etc.) should not be used in any phonetic fields.

38. Artist Names

If a non-Western artist has an English or international band or artist name, that name should be provided in the native field. The native field should be used for internationally recognized representations of artist names, songs, or album titles. Localization fields may be used for representations familiar to the local market, if different from the international version.

Information for artists that are not internationally recognized may be represented in the local language in the native field. Additional localizations in other languages are optional.

  • 38.1. Chinese Artist Localizations. Chinese content should always have the Traditional and Simplified Chinese name of the artist listed: one in the native field, and the other one in the localization field.

  • 38.2. Chinese Artists with Western Names. If the artist of Chinese content has a Western name, the name should be listed for non-Chinese localizations in the format of “Given name Family name.” For example, these album artists are acceptable:

    Field Name

    Traditional Chinese

    Simplified Chinese

    English

    Album Artist

    成龍

    成龙

    Jackie Chan

    Field Name

    Traditional Chinese

    Simplified Chinese

    English

    Album Artist

    周杰倫

    周杰伦

    Jay Chou

  • 38.3. Chinese or Korean Artists Without Western Names. If the artist does not have a Western name, the phonetic artist name may be listed in localizations in the order of “Family Name Given Name.”

    The Korean artist “박지윤” should be provided in English:

    Field Name

    Korean

    English

    Album Artist

    박지윤

    Park Ji Yoon

    The Chinese artist “蔡琴” should be provided in English:

    Field Name

    Chinese

    English

    Album Artist

    蔡琴

    Tsai Chin

Hebrew Metadata Guidelines

39. Hebrew Metadata Guidelines

  • 39.1. Localizations. Album titles, track titles, and artist names must be in Hebrew in the native title and name fields for local content. Use the transliterated version of the artist name in the English localization fields. For example, the following are acceptable in Hebrew:

    Field Name

    Hebrew

    English

    Album Title

    מרוץ החיים

    Merotz Hachaim

    Album Artist

    שרית חדד

    Sarit Hadad

    Track Title

    הגוֹרל הטוב

    Hagoral Hatov

    Track Artist

    שרית חדד

    Sarit Hadad

    Track Title

    אהבה בתיכי

    Ahava Betochi

    Track Artist

    שרית חדד

    Sarit Hadad

Arabic and Farsi Metadata Guidelines

40. Arabic and Farsi Metadata Guidelines

  • 40.1. Localizations. Album titles, track titles, and artist names must be in Arabic or Farsi, in the native title and name fields for local content. Use the transliterated version of the artist name in the English localization fields. For example, the following are acceptable in Arabic.

    Field Name

    Arabic

    English

    Album Title

    على فين

    Ala Fain

    Album Artist

    ايمن معروف

    Ayman Maarouf

    Track Title

    حبيبي ارجعلي

    Habeebi Ergaali

    Track Artist

    ايمن معروف

    Ayman Maarouf

Lyrics Guidelines

Lyrics enrich the Apple Music experience, allowing a listener to follow along to the words of a song during playback. To provide the best experience for customers, lyrics in English must match the audio verbatim and follow the guidelines below for consistency.

Spacing and Structure

  • Lines within a single verse or chorus must be single spaced.

  • Section or stanza breaks must be indicated with a double space.

  • Do not include text that is not audibly present such as section headers or the vocalist's name.

    • For example, don't include section headers such as Intro, Verse, Chorus, Hook, or Outro.

  • Repeated lines and choruses must be transcribed.

    • For example, don't denote repeated choruses using “Chorus 2x.”

Capitalizations

  • Begin each line with a capital letter.

  • Proper nouns such as the titles of movies, TV shows, and songs must be title cased.

  • All caps may be used to identify exclamations.

Punctuation and Formatting

  • Don't use periods or commas at the end of any line or section.

  • Question marks and exclamation points should be included at the end of a sentence whenever appropriate.

  • Don't use italics or bold text.

  • Background singers and hushed vocals may be transcribed in parentheses if they contribute to the content of the song.

  • If a song ends with repetitions that fade out, transcribe the first four repetitions and end the final line with an ellipsis.

Slang and Censored Language

  • When providing lyrics for the clean version of a song when an explicit version is also available, use asterisks to represent censored audio.

  • Use contractions and slang words that match with the audio.

    • For example, words such as ain’t, ’bout, ‘til, ‘cause, fallin', and walkin'.

Numbers

  • Numbers must be written out unless commonly written in numerals.

    • For example, Summer of '69, and 007.

  • Calendar years should be written as numerals, for example 1979.

Spoken and Non-word Vocals

  • Spoken words, such as recorded dialog from a documentary, must be transcribed.

  • Sampled content must be transcribed, including non-word vocals, if they add to the content of the song.

  • Don't include descriptions or names of screaming or sound effects.

Appendix 1: Standards and Abbreviations

Table 1: Standard Classical Abbreviations

The table below lists all accepted abbreviations for classical music on the iTunes Store and Apple Music. This list may be updated.

Catalog

Abbreviation

Example

Catalog of the works of Carl Philip Emmanuel Bach by Alfred Wotquenne

Wq.

Hamburger Sonata in G Major for Flute and Continuo, Wq. 133

Bach-Werke-Verzeichnis catalog of the works of Johann Sebastian Bach by Wolfgang Schmieder (sometimes designated by “S.”)

BWV

Partita for Solo Flute in A Minor, BWV 1013

Catalog of the works of Béla Bartók by András Szöllösy

Sz.

Concerto for Orchestra, Sz. 116

Catalog of the works of Luigi Boccherini by Yves Gérard

G.

Concerto for Cello and Orchestra No. 6 in D Major, G. 479

Buxtehude-Werke-Verzeichnis catalog of the works of Dietrich Buxtehude by Georg Karstadt

BuxWV

Toccata in F Major, BuxWV 156

Catalog of the works of Marc-Antoine Charpentier by Wiley Hitchcock

H.

Messe de minuit, H. 9

Catalog of the works of Claude Debussy by François Lesuré

L.

La mer, L. 109

Catalog of the works of John Dowland by Diana Poulton

P.

Galliard in G Minor, P. 30

Catalog of the works of Antonín Dvořák by Jarmil Burghauser

B.

Symphony No. 9 in E Minor, Op. 98, B. 178 “From the New World”

Catalog of the works of Giovanni Gabrieli by Richard Charteris

C.

Canzon Noni Toni a 12, C. 183

Catalog of the works of Louis Moreau Gottschalk by Robert Offergeld

RO

Grande tarantelle for Piano and Orchestra, Op. 67, RO 259

Händel-Werke-Verzeichnis catalog of the works of George Frideric Handel by Bernd Baselt

HWV

The Messiah, HWV 56

Catalog of the works of Franz Joseph Haydn by Anthony van Hoboken

Hob.

Symphony No. 101 in D Major, Hob. I:101 “The Clock”

Catalog of the works of Johann Michael Haydn by Lother Perger

P.

Symphony in B-Flat Major, (P. 18)

Catalog of the works of Franz Liszt by Humphrey Searle

S.

Liebestraum in A-Flat Major, S. 541 No. 3

Lully-Werke-Verzeichnis catalog of the works of Jean-Baptiste Lully by Max Schneider

LWV

Le bourgeois gentilhomme, LWV 43: Overture

Catalog of the works of Felix Mendelssohn

MWV

Double Concerto for Piano, Violin, and Orchestra in D Minor, MWV 04: I. Allegro

Catalog of the works of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart by Köchel

K.

Requiem in D Minor, K. 626

Catalog of the works of Henry Purcell

Z.

Abdelazer Suite, Z. 570: II. Third Act Tune - Rondo

Catalog for the works of Maurice Ravel

M.

Boléro, M. 81

Catalog of the works of Ottorino Respighi by Potito Pedarra

P.

Pini di Roma (The Pines of Rome), P. 141

Catalog of the works of Giovanni Bautista Sammartini by Newell Jenkins and Bathia Churgin

J-C-

L’addolorata Divina Madre, J-C- 123

Catalog of the keyboard works of Domenico Scarlatti by Ralph Kirkpatrick

Kk.

Keyboard Sonata in D Minor, Kk. 9

Catalog of the keyboard works of Domenico Scarlatti by Alessandro Longo

L.

Sonata in B Minor, L. 147

Catalog of the works of Franz Schubert by Otto Erich Deutsch

D.

Die Winterreise, D. 911

Schütz-Werke-Verzeichnis catalog of the works of Heinrich Schütz by Werner Bittinger

SWV

Saul, Saul, was verfolgst du mich, SWV 415

Catalog of the violin concertos of Giuseppe Tartini by Minos Dounias

D.

Violin Concerto No. 4 in D Major, D. 15

Telemann-Werke-Verzeichnis catalog of the works of Georg Phillip Telemann by Werner Menke and Martin Ruhnke

TWV

Fantasia for Solo Violin No. 1 in B-Flat Major, TWV40:14

Catalog of the works of Giuseppe Torelli by Franz Giegling

G.

Trumpet Sonata in D Major, G. 1

Catalog of the works of Heitor Villa-Lobos

W

Douze études pour guitare, W235

Ryom-Verzeichnis catalog of the works of Antonio Vivaldi by Peter Ryom

RV

The Four Seasons, Violin Concerto in E Major, RV 269 “Spring”

Catalog of the works of Carl Maria von Weber by Friedrich Wilhelm Jähns

J.

Rondo brilliante, Op. 62, J. 252 “La gaite”

Derived from the Latin “deesse” meaning to be absent. This may follow the catalog abbreviation to designate a work which does not appear in that particular catalog (ex. K. deest). Plural is “desunt.”

deest

Larghetto and Allegro for 2 Pianos in E-Flat Major, K. deest

“Werk ohne Opuszahl” or “Work without opus number,” typically unpublished works or works that were not assigned an opus number by the composer

WoO

Bagatelle in A Minor, WoO 59 “Für Elise”

“Opus number,” generally a chronological publication or composition number that may have been assigned by either the publisher or composer. Includes works from Ludwig van Beethoven, Piotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, and Sergei Rachmaninoff.

Op.

Concerto for Violin and Orchestra in A Minor, Op. 53

Table 2: Classical Keys

Regional and language differences may affect the way that musical terms are notated. iTunes uses English as the standard language. When submitting metadata, refer to the following table for the list of acceptable keys.

Keys

C Major / C Minor / C-Sharp Minor

F-Sharp Major / F-Sharp Minor

F Major / F Minor

B Major / B Minor

B-Flat Major / B-Flat Minor

E Major / E Minor

E-Flat Major / E-Flat Minor

A Major / A Minor

A-Flat Major

D Major / D Minor / D-Sharp Minor

D-Flat Major

G Major / G Minor / G-Sharp Minor

G-Flat Major

 

Table 3: Common Composer Names

For composers who already have content available on the iTunes Store and Apple Music, use the existing spelling found there. For questions regarding the spelling of composer names, consult Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians or The Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. The following table lists a few well-known composers.

Composer Names

Isaac Albéniz

Mikhail Glinka

Maurice Ravel

Johann Sebastian Bach

Christoph Willibald Gluck

Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov

Mily Balakirev

Edvard Grieg

Gioacchino Rossini

Béla Bartók

George Frideric Handel

Camille Saint-Saëns

Ludwig van Beethoven

Franz Joseph Haydn

Arnold Schoenberg

George Bizet

Vincent d’Indy

Franz Schubert

Alexander Borodin

Mikhail Ippolitov-Ivanov

Robert Schumann

Ferruccio Busoni

Leoš Janáček

Alexander Scriabin

Dietrich Buxtehude

Aram Khachaturian

Dmitri Shostakovich

Frédéric Chopin

Zoltán Kodály

Jean Sibelius

Francesco Ciléa

Édouard Lalo

Bedřich Smetana

César Cui

Orlando di Lasso

Johann Strauss II

Claude Debussy

Gustav Mahler

Igor Stravinsky

Léo Delibes

Felix Mendelssohn

Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky

Frederick Delius

Olivier Messiaen

Georg Philipp Telemann

Josquin Des Prez

Claudio Monteverdi

Edgard Varése

Antonín Dvořák

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Ralph Vaughan Williams

Sir Edward Elgar

Modest Mussorgsky

Tomás Luis de Victoria

Manuel de Falla

Niccolò Paganini

Hugo Wolf

Gabriel Fauré

Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina

Carl Maria von Weber

César Franck

Sergei Prokofiev

Anton Webern

Giovanni Gabrieli

Johann Joachim Quantz

Iannis Xenakis

Carlo Gesualdo

Sergei Rachmaninoff

Alexander von Zemlinsky

Alexander Glazunov

 

 

Table 4: Common Orchestra and Conductor Names

For questions regarding the spelling of orchestra and conductor names, consult Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians or The Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. The following table lists a few well-known orchestras and conductors.

Orchestras

Conductors

Academy of St. Martin in the Fields

Claudio Abbado

Berliner Philharmoniker

Marin Alsop

Boston Symphony Orchestra

Sir Thomas Beecham

Chicago Symphony Orchestra

Leonard Bernstein

Gewandhausorchester Leipzig

Karl Böhm

London Philharmonic Orchestra

Sir Colin Davis

London Symphony Orchestra

Wilhelm Furtwängler

Los Angeles Philharmonic

Valery Gergiev

Orchestra of the Age of Enlightenment

Herbert von Karajan

Orchestra dell'Accademia di Santa Cecilia

James Levine

Orchestre de l'Opéra de Paris

Kurt Masur

Philadelphia Orchestra

Sir Neville Marriner

Philharmonia Orchestra

Riccardo Muti

Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra

Seiji Ozawa

San Francisco Symphony

Sir Georg Solti

Wiener Philharmoniker

Bruno Walter

Appendix 2: Title Case

This section applies to titles in English only. For general cases not addressed in this guide, refer to The Chicago Manual of Style.

The following words must be in lower case, with a few exceptions:

For example:

Exceptions for Lowercase Words

Always capitalize the first and last word in a title. Capitalize the first and last word in parentheses. For example:

  • To Be, or Not to Be

  • What They're Looking For

  • War (What Is It Good For?)

  • (You Make Me Feel Like A) Natural Woman

These rules also apply for purposely misspelled words.

  • “In da House”

  • “Kill 'Em n' Grill 'Em”

  • “It's fo' Realz”

Uppercase Words in Title Case

Are, If, Is, It, Than, That, This

What’s New In This Version?

The current version of the Music Style Guide, last updated July 26, 2017, contains the following changes:

The previous version, last updated February 1, 2017, contains the following change: